11 Jul 2011

Recommend Tokyo Architecture

The list of buildings. See all posts click here.

Show Tokyo.parallellt.se Architecture list on larger map.

Tokyo Institute of Technology Centennial Hall


Tokyo Institute of Technology (TiTech) Centennial Hall, 1987 - Kazuo Shinohara. The role is the hall is to provide exhibition space, meeting rooms, a small exhibition about the history of Titech and to serves as a landmark situated on the edge of the campus dominating the (taxi) plaza in front of Ookayama station. The other key buildings of this square are the Tokyo Tech Front by Kazunari Sakamoto and a the Tokyu Hospital[Tokyogreenspace] by Koichi Yasuda.
Kazunari Sakamoto was a student of Shinohara as noted in the Sumida Culture Factory post by me this genealogy is important in the understanding of Japanese architecture. Another famous architect from Titech is Tsukamoto of Atelier Bow-wow.
Kazuo Shinohara has deep influence on the development of Japanese architecture and has recently come to international attention again, partly because of being awarded the memorial golden lion in 2010 Venice Biennale.

28 Mar 2011

I've left Tokyo

On the day of the earthquake I was out cycling along Arakawa, at the moment of the first earthquake I was visiting the Sumida Culture Factory and saw the metall screens on roof shake very strongly. When the big aftershock came about half an hour later I could the cranes on the Tokyo Sky Tree sway strongly, the water in a canal became disturbed, the power cables swung disturbingly. As I made my way home across a city with all the trains stopped, full of traffic, full of people walking home I slowly realised as my panic calmed down that this really was the big earthquake. Outside of the south exit of Shinjuku station I saw the pictures of the tsunami rolling into the countryside.
This is a series of pictures take the day of the great Tohoku Earthquake showing small damages in Tokyo. Due to the what happened after earthquake me and my wife decieded to leave Tokyo two weeks earlier than we had planned. We didn't really have any reason to stay the two extra weeks and as the nuclear situation seemed uncertain, despite that Tokyo still was safe, we decided that it was time to leave.
For people who have their life in Tokyo it might be different but our life in Tokyo was almost over. Everything that kept us in Tokyo got cancelled (a visit and a graduation ceremony).  

7 Mar 2011

blocking chair


Inspired by a-small-lab's work with Tokyo Design Space I think that this chair is worthy of attention. Even tough this fix has an official air. Also I would like to point out that thanks to this sharing of viewpoints, our view of the city expands as we see more and more in every situation. This chair works as a temporary road block transforming shared spacewhich it must be noted is clearly dominated by walking people most of the time, into a pedestrian zone during the peak hours of shopping in Shimokitazawa. This kind of closure is usual on both small streets like this example in the suburban Kyodo (a with more normal looking sign) and in major shopping areas like Shinjuku, Akihabara or Ginza on weekends.

Material: Paper, tape, marker and plastic chair.
Location: Shimokitazawa, Setagaya, Tokyo.

25 Feb 2011

fantastic structure

Forum 246 as seen from Odakyu-line. A fantastic structure is visible in the facade.

21 Feb 2011

curtain wall house

Curtain Wall House, Shigeru Ban, 1995. On windy winter day.
curtain wall is an outer covering of a building in which the outer walls are non-structural, but merely keep out the weather. - Wikipedia.
mies invented the glass curtain wall, but I just used a curtain. Shigeru Ban - Designboom
What is notable is the tree missing in the old photos. If must affect the second floor deck space deeply in summer. Also the four cars crammed into the plot.
More information with plans from a Moma exhibition. Shigeru Ban Architects website about the project here.

12 Feb 2011

Edo Tokyo Museum


Edo Tokyo Museum - Kiyonori Kikutake - 1993. The grand exhibition hall lifted from a giant podium on four giant legs which provides vertical access. The main access is through a disturbing red escalator.
Just the building itself, which looks like it has been spirited from the set of Star Wars, is a wonder. - Lonely Planet Japan
Another bubble project this time the city museum, which covers the history and development from Edo to Tokyo with a story ending somewhere around the Olympics gives a certain insight into the city.
As many bubble projects the cost of this museum was big, and a better end result could surely have been delivered  for the same amount of money. But there still is something charmingly utopian over this whole project. Sadly the podium, the vast outdoor space underneath the museum seems sadly under used. The would be a wonderful setting for a park project.
The architect behind the museum Kikutake is mostly famous for Sky House, metabolism and his various marine city schemes. Sadly the 1994 Tokyo Sofitel, close to Ueno, telling the this story is no longer.
He also worked with the group behind various hyper building schemes.

Access: JR Sobu-line Ryogoku or TOEI Oedo-line
Other works: Sky House

11 Feb 2011

a slim house

Another example of typology. Here a slim and high house next to two wider houses. Random placement of smaller windows. The plot behind the house belong to a small danchi like building with a large garden.
Air condition units around the house. One for every space or in this case floor. Note the cable connecting the 3rd floor with the outdoor unit on the second floor.

10 Feb 2011

a small blue house

From a typological view this is an typical Tokyo house, however the colour sets it apart. Everything else is within the borders of normality; roof shape, window placement, plants along the wall, shop combined with house, signage, vending machine on corner and size.  

8 Feb 2011

reuse

An computer supports a plant.
An not so environmentally friendly way to recycle a computer.

6 Feb 2011

happy industrial postmodernism


Miyasaka Community Hall, Masamitsu Nozawa Building Workshop, 1990. Gable shapes lifted by truss.

4 Feb 2011

new and old


The plaza in front of an office development in  a block in Akihabara. The office tower owns a large but not complete part of the block. Some older, small scale houses sit along the edge of the block. The intersection between properties surely must mean something.

2 Feb 2011

gardens


Note that the steps in the gap between the house. One house has complete concrete filling, the other offers a softer surface with steps on top of gravel.
Look below for a series of gardens in a dense pocket of streets on the border of Setagaya-ku and Shibuya-ku. This series of pictures started as an idea that (almost) every utopian megastructure could be found represented in a street garden, I abandoned the project, not because it is false but because is trivially true. 
For one better example street garden see Yet Another Street Garden.

4 ways to use parking space


This type of almost identical buildings arise on larger (for small values of large) plot developed into a series of independent houses. 4 different uses of the space provided.

31 Jan 2011

along Tamagawa Josui

Along with the Chuo-line meetup group I walked along parts of the Tamagawa Josui from Mitaka station and towards the city. Among other things we saw an urban farm and a road development project in progress. Here are a few more pictures.
For fantastic and convenient map of the the Tamagawa Josui look here. The dimensions are 300x20cm.

a road development

A park, a wall and plastic covered ground to stop vegetation from growing. The Tamagawa Josui (more about it here and here) is a 43 km waterway built to supply Edo (now Tokyo) with water, work started in 1653. Along a section of the Tamagawa Josui in Suginami-ku a road is being built, as all road developments in urban areas, things are in the way of the planned road. A comment in Japanese about the development here and a blog about here.
The situation regarding the execution of theese planned road that often stretch far back in history is more complicated than I've previously realised.  

Plans for new roads infrastructure approved in the 1960s have proven virtually impossible to revise, ...
There are literally thousands of such plan, particularly for City Planning Roads (Toshi keikau doro) projects for multilane arterial roads through existing urban areas. ... Although it might seem a simple matter for the central government to cancel a plan that is no longer needed or wanted (...) in fact it is not so easy to cancel such plans. ... - [As the plan] put some legal restrictions on allowable building activity, the government is concerned that cancellations of plans that were approved in the 1960s and 1970s might prompt massive compensation claims from affected landowners. No city planning roads have yet been cancelled.    
André Sorensen and Carolin Funck in Living Cities in Japan, Conclusions: a diversity of machizukuri processes and outcomes. 
The road project I've previously written about change a bit in the light of the above quote. The fantastic pocket of time here in special, but also here and here.
The projected road development along the Tamagawa Josui is well underway but the physical reality during the years long implementation of the plan is just strange and sad.
A section of the plan.

an urban farm

An Urban Farm along the Tamagawa Josui. Here you buy your locally produced vegetables, just leave some coins corresponding to amount you take with you. There are many small patches inside the urban areas of Tokyo still working as farms. This is the advantage of urban development happening in small chunks.
Today these farms are seen as resource by the city.

presence

A video rental store (they still exist in Japan), proclaiming its existence towards the street. 
The fake facade isn't used for the sign of the store, but to fit in the urban context. A peculiar decorated shed.

29 Jan 2011

Nagakin Capsule Tower


Nagakin Capsule Tower. Kisho Kurokawa. This now rundown building is the realised key building of the metabolist project, a dream of handling the explosive growth of Tokyo and other cities (look here).  The capsule were the cells of the metabolist city, movable functional living units. No capsule has ever been moved on this tower. This building should be seen as an alternative dream future that never happened. As many utopian futures there are many problems to address.
the political goal of metabolist urban planning could only have meant the erasure of private land ownership and its total re-organization. 

Imagining the organic city p. 172  - M. Schalk.

The idea lives on in the capsule hotels which can be found around major train stations in Japan. But there the capsules fills interior space instead of defining the exterior as here. Also individual movable homes, capable of creating informal cities of course exists, but are mostly ignored because they are the homes of the poor.

Yokohama Int Ferry Terminal


The competition for the new structure above the grand pier in Yokohama was won by Foreign Office Architects 2002. An organically [1] shaped wooden landscape with patches of grass undulation and sliding between the different levels.

[FOAs] Yokohama Ferry Terminal saw them burst on to the international scene with an extraordinary structure which blended infrastructure, engineering, architecture and landscape to create a new typology for transport.
- The Architecture of Hope (introduction about FOA)

28 Jan 2011

entrance or gap

A series of entrance situations of house on plots of flagpole type. Variation in material, usage and other things.

27 Jan 2011

Tamabi Library


Entrance floor of Tama Art University Library by Toyo Ito. This is a fantastic building. Restrained and calm. Irregularly space concrete vaults divides space along curved lines.
More to read from Dezeen here and on Archdaily here.

25 Jan 2011

tour updates January 25

A tour guide in front of House in Uehara, Kazuo Shinohara.
January 29, Shibuya-ku West 11:00. Approx 2:30. Cost is ¥1000 or ¥500 for students. Starting point, McDonalds next to Komaba-Todaimae station (Google map). Architecture: Shigeru Ban, Kazuo Shinohara, Hiroshi Hara etc. City: River roads, road development, morphology, history (similar to here). Bicycle required. (If you want to join but need a bicycle the cost of rental is ¥1000.)

If you want to join please email, tweet or leave a comment.

More about tours and complete schedule here.

21 Jan 2011

Miyashita Park - Made in Tokyo


Miyashita Park in Shibuya-ku, from Made In Tokyo one of the books about Tokyo by Atelier Bow-wow. This park is being redeveloped by Nike which is causing some controversy... See herehere, or here. Atelier Bow-wow is behind the design...

From Tenunobu Fujimori et al's, "Institute of Street Observation" we discovered the joy of actually walking the street and finding fragments – allowing the swelling of imaginations and the speaking of small urban histories.

Contemporary Tokyo’s situation is a crazy mixture of main-products and by-products of modernisation. 

Tokyo is an agglomeration of buildings, traffic infrastructure, civil engineering. Its landscape is said to lack visual control and is popularly thought of as chaotic or as 'white noise'. However, this kind of interpretation is based of mechanistic theory and semiotic systems. So, if we change the premise, a totally different interpretation of the city should be possible.

Made in Tokyo - Introduction.

Titel: MADE IN TOKYO, メイド イン トーキョー (Meido in Tōkyō)
Isbn: 4-306-04421-1
By: Momoyo Kaijima, Junzo Kuroda, Yoshiharu Tsukamoto

20 Jan 2011

fuji kindergarten


Fuji Kindergarten, Tezuka Architects, 2007. Slide from roof. Located far out in suburbia this kindergarten has simple policy.
Kids first. Help me Do It Myself. 
The Montessori philosophy is clearly visible in both building and staff.
This kindergarten has been selected as the best education building in the world. This project makes me warm and happy.

18 Jan 2011

another column

Doric, Kengo Kuma, 1991.

M2

Kengo Kuma, M2, 1991. Originally built as a showroom for Mazda. The fallen temple architecture of collapse, the Ionic column, curtain wall facade; the combination of elements: post modern architecture to the max. This building is completed at the end of the this style of post modern architecture. After this building and one more near Gaienmae station (much more discrete), Kengo Kuma changes style and interests in Architecture. I like this building on it own. But also within the context of the time it was produced in and since it shows that changes of style are possible. Somehow Japanese architecture is always contemporary.

15 Jan 2011

guerilla gardens 2 - small interventions

Can you spot the plants? The boring hedges along Nakano-dori are being infiltrated. 

14 Jan 2011

meiyaku dori

A bicycle lane in Setagaya-ku. An update from an earlier post today about bicycle lanes. Note the cigarette butts in the curb. Curbs are were garbage ends up. 

re: bicycle lanes

A blue bicycle lane heading toward Shinjuku Central Park. Photo in Shibuya-ku.
In recent post from Tokyo By Bike about bicycle lanes Bicycke lanes. Don't bring them to Japan. Byron Kidd lays out his argument against them. 
I'm comfortable cycling on the road, in traffic, riding at speed.  Others are more comfortable cycling at a more refined pace on the sidewalks.  That’s great, I appreciate the fact that as cyclists we're allowed to choose between the two.
The few bicycle lanes of this kind that exist are horrible. Proper bicycle lanes along some of the major roads would perhaps be good but this, no.

13 Jan 2011

night views

The limits of the super block defining the so called Urban Villages, even tough they are not always villages in themselves in function. But Tokyo is a city of functional villages, but they doesn't overlap with the Urban Village definition. Functional in the form of small communites within walking or cycling distance from a train station. Of course in the city center and further out this simple model falls apart, it also not true for all train lines, however it is the ideal of Tokyo in example the Tokyo Fiber City 2050 plan ( - in my opinion, very interesting research)
High buildings along a a larger road, low building between roads. At the top a wall of buildings along another road. This is defining morphology for Tokyo to large extent. However the larger roads are only one of a number of networks useful to orient oneself in the city.

12 Jan 2011

Sumida Culture Factory


Sumida Culture Factory, Itsuko Hasegawa, 1994.  Exhibition space, library, planetarium, restaurant and  multipurpose hall.
Itsuko Hasegawa is the first famous female architect in Japan, she is contemporary with Toyo Ito (both born 1941) in many ways. Her career however is shorter, and today less notable. This building as well as its contemporary projects eventually leading up to the master piece of the style Sendai Mediateque by Toyo Ito. She worked as the assistant of Kazuo Shinohara at Tokyo Institute of Technology. Shinohara also deeply influenced the work of among others Toyo Ito with whom Kazuyo Sejima of SAANA worked before she started her own firm. (For more of this kind of genealogy see After the Crash: Architecture in Post-Bubble Japan by Thomas Daniell, an excellent collection of essays about Japanese architecture.) This isn't just gossip but it also provides a framework for understanding the contemporary context of a building.
When I visited it, woefully unprepared, suddenly a lot of things came together. The history of architecture suddenly seemed a little bit more clear. This is partly why I choose this building but for the most part it is because I like it.

Mutsukawa Day-Care Center


Mutsukawa Day-Care Center, SANAA, 2000. In 90s Japanese minimalism showed more color and less reduction. However the plans were simpler and more box like. Of course this a simplification.
SANAAs leading architects Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa were awarded the 2010 Pritzker Prize. Junya Ishigami behind the KAIT Workshop worked with SANAA between 2000 and 2004.

11 Jan 2011

KAIT Workshop


 KAIT (Kanagawa Institute of Technology) Workshop, Junya Ishigami, 2008. Japanese contemporary minimalism, everything is white, spaces is fluid yet well defined and loose. It may appear effortless but is everything but. This is a building without walls in the traditional sense, the load bearing columns which also take up the shear forces are disturbingly thin. Yet what they lack individually the make up for in numbers. A total of 305 columns appears to be randomly placed, yet they individually fine tuned; forming a series of spaces with varying density and direction. A large series of configurations were tested to achieve this effortless result. The roof had to be pre-stressed while the columns where to put into place. But standing here inside this forest of white columns none to this is readily apparent  More reading about the construction here.
Junya Ishigami won the price for best project at 2010 Venice Biennale curated by Sejima. Ishigami used to work with or for Sejima.
Acess Hon-Atsugi station on Odakyu Odawara-line. Bus or taxi. (KAIT is yet another university placed with very bad access to the railway infrastructure that the Tokyo area is famous for.)

10 Jan 2011

Tokyo International Forum

DSC_1708.JPG
This isn't a space ship. It is the Glass Hall, the grand space, of Tokyo International Forum, Rafael Viñoly, 1996. A congress center located next to the Yamanote and Tokaidao lines just south of Tokyo station.

9 Jan 2011

Saitama Prefecture University


Saitama Prefecture Univsersity, Riken Yamamoto, 1999. Entrance along ramp. Roof marking entrance.

This projects consists of the entire university campus consisting of 54000m2 of a small university dealing with nursing and welfare. It is a strong systematic composition broken into smaller parts by handling of circulation spaces and void space. It creates complexity out of a series of parts by virtue of how it handles them. This is varied uniformity.
Ps
The building is empty because of spring break.

St Marys Cathedral


Kenzo Tange, 1964. An impressive concrete shell structure provides an sublime space.
That [Yoyogi National Gymnasium] and St. Mary's Cathedral in Bunkyo Ward — which is also by Tange — are probably the two best buildings in Tokyo.
Kengo Kuma, Interview in Japan Times here, Oct 2010. Kenzo Tange is arguably the premier Japanese architect from the last 20th century.

a list of buildings - introduction


This is a list of buildings worth seeing in Tokyo. It shouldn't be used as list of buildings that should be seen on a short trip to Tokyo. There are other building and places worth visiting.

This is a list of the buildings that I've visited that has impacted me the most; this is not a statement indicating that the buildings in any way are the best pieces of Architecture in Tokyo, or even the best by the respective architects featured in this list. 

Some of them aren't even in Tokyo (but always in the greater Tokyo area), and two of the high quality architecture areas in Tokyo has been omitted to simplify the process: Ginza and Ometosando. Also limitations of scale apply, it is a list of buildings not houses as such things are understood in Japan. 

But seeing the buildings featured in the coming posts have somehow opened up my eyes for the variety found in Japanese architecture. 

7 Jan 2011

Tour update for January

Suginami-ku Tour
Happy new year! And welcome to a bit late schedule for January.

So why would want to join in on this tours? This is what Jared Braiterman from Tokyo Green Space  thinks.

His tours combine visits to notable contemporary buildings, and a broad understanding of Tokyo’s history, topography, planning, edges, forgotten spaces, and endless complexity.
Read full comment here. (And more: herehere and here.)


Tours currently planned are:  
  • Jan 8, Sat.  Setagaya cycling tour.  Cost ¥2000 or ¥1000 for students. Starting point, Segafredo next to Nakameguro station (Google map), 11:00, about 3h. Projects by Kunio Maekawa, Sejima, Kengo Kuma, Atelier Bow-Wow. Some roads. Morphology. Mostly cloudy, 11 degrees. 
  • Jan 15, Sat. Meguro  Cost ¥2000 or ¥1000 for students (Google map). Starting point, next to Segafredo, Nakameguro station. Explore the architecture in dense areas in the wooden belt of small scale houses. 
  • Jan 22, Sat. Suginami Cost ¥2000 or ¥1000 for students. Starting point, Opera City corner of Koshu Kaido and Yamatedori. For details see review above.
  • Jan 29, Sat. Komaba 11:00. Approx 2:30. Cost is ¥1000 or ¥500 for students. Starting point, McDonalds next to Komaba-Todaimae station (Google map). ArchitectureShigeru Ban, Kazuo Shinohara, Hiroshi Hara etcCity: River roadsroad development, morphology, history (similar to here). 
More details at the Tour page.  If you want join send me an email.